Toxic Stress: Child Abuse and Neglect Linked to Adult Health Risks

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We are all aware of the damaging effects of child abuse. But, one thing most people aren’t aware of is just how detrimental the effects are to our health. Psychological effects aside, there are serious internal damages left behind from the tragedy of abuse.

Take a look at this article:

Child Abuse & Neglect Linked to Adult Health Risks

By Senior News Editor, Psych Central
Reviewed by John M. Grohol, Psy.D. on September 27, 2013

Emerging research show childhood abuse and lack of parental affection can have long-lasting effects.

In fact, investigators say the emotional and physical damage may last a lifetime.

Historically, the psychological damage resulting from childhood abuse and the effects on physical health have been well documented.

For instance, this “toxic” stress has been linked to elevated cholesterol, cardiovascular disease, metabolic syndrome and other physical Child abuseconditions posing a significant health risk.

The research into the physical effects of abuse, however, has focused on separate, individual systems. A new study examines the effects of abuse and lack of parental affection across the body’s entire regulatory system, and finds a strong biological link for how negative early life experiences affect physical health.

The UCLA study is published online by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.

“Our findings suggest that there may be a way to reduce the impact abuse has, at least in terms of physical health,” said Judith E. Carroll, the study’s lead author.

“If the child has love from parental figures they may be more protected from the impact of abuse on adult biological risk for health problems than those who don’t have that loving adult in their life.”

Researchers studied 756 adults who had participated in a study called Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA).

Investigators measured 18 biological markers of health risk, such as blood pressure, heart rate, stress hormone, cholesterol, waist circumference, inflammation, and blood sugar regulation, and added up their risks across these markers to create a summary index called “allostatic load.”

Values at the upper range across these markers indicated they were at higher biological risk for disease. Previous research has shown that higher levels of allostatic load are associated with increased likelihood of a negative health event such as a heart attack or stroke, or show declines in physical or cognitive functioning.

To determine the study subjects’ childhood stress the researchers used a well-validated self-report scale called the Risky Families Questionnaire.

Investigators discovered a significant link between reports of childhood abuse and multisystem health risks.

Children who reported higher amounts of parental warmth and affection in their childhood had lower multisystem health risks.

The researchers also found a significant interaction of abuse and warmth, so that individuals reporting low levels of love and affection and high levels of abuse in childhood had the highest multisystem risk in adulthood.

The researchers suggest that toxic childhood stress alters neural responses to stress, boosting the emotional and physical arousal to threat and making it more difficult for that reaction to be shut off.

“Our findings highlight the extent to which these early childhood experiences are associated with evidence of increased biological risks across nearly all of the body’s major regulatory systems” said Teresa Seeman, Ph.D., the paper’s senior author.

“If we only look at individual biological parameters such as blood pressure or cholesterol, we would miss the fact that the early childhood experiences are related to a much broader set of biological risk indicators – suggesting the range of health risks that may result from such adverse childhood exposures.”

The authors warn that the findings are based on a cross-sectional analysis and are not a cause-and-effect relationship.

Further, study methods used information provided by the participants, so there may be some recall bias. Also, the analysis may not have captured other factors affecting regulatory systems, such as poor nutrition or environmental pollution.

But the findings suggest that parental warmth and affection protect one against the harmful effects of toxic childhood stress. Also, the lingering effects of childhood abuse can be linked to age-related diseases such as cardiovascular disease.

Among other things, this could have an effect on long-term health care costs.

“It is our hope that this will encourage public policy support for early interventions,” Carroll said.

“If we intervene early in risky families and at places that provide care for children by educating and training parents, teachers, and other caregivers in how to provide a loving and nurturing environment, we may also improve the long-term health trajectories of those kids.”

Source: UCLA

Original Article: Child Abuse and Neglect Linked to Adult Health Risks

Child abuse should never be taken lightly. Thankfully, educating the public, conducting studies and having advocacy agencies, like CASA, in place, are all ways to promote prevention.

Educate yourself, educate your peers. Knowledge is the most powerful weapon against child abuse.

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  1. Ayele Admassu

    My daughter is a victim her two hips was dislocated when she was 8 month old by foster parent and when she was 2 years old she overdose with mental medication Children Aid society the most sensitive body of the Government deny me access to my only daughter and to date they refuse to charge me with any crime even do the ones is on them to prove me guilty of any crime I am willing to prove my self innocent if they only charge me with a crime but they refused there are many victims like me but the Government hide behind a law called publication bun how ever that law don’t apply to me a judge from Superior court .made my case open for public to protect the crown prosecutor they took her from me when she was 40 days old if she is alive she will be 10+ years old the judges from the lower court all the way to supreme court of Canada ignore the legislation and I can prove it by transcript and some unbelievable things that the court do because they believe they can get away with anything you can see my website for more

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